The Ultimate Guide to Protecting Free-Range Chickens - Proven Tips & Strategies


a man's hands feeding the free-range chickens in a traditional poultry farm


Who doesn't love free-range chickens? They're a joy to have around. But ensuring their safety is a big task!

Protecting backyard chickens comes down to two things:

Protecting them from predator attacks and providing a safe environment

This guide has proven strategies for keeping your chickens safe from predators.

We'll help you understand your local predators, bolster your coop's security, and provide daily care tips. 

We aim to explore simple yet effective ways to keep your chickens safe while they enjoy their freedom.

Let's dive in and make your backyard the safest place for your free-range chickens!

Most Common Chicken Predators

Knowing who might harm your chickens is the first step to keeping them safe. 

These predators are usual suspects who might see your chickens as an easy meal.

  • Foxes. These crafty creatures love to sneak around at dawn and dusk. But if they're hungry or need to feed their young ones, they might show up during the day. Beware - they can dig under fences and open some doors.
A fox eating a chicken



  • Raccoons. These predators are very smart and have a knack for getting into places they're not supposed to be. They'll likely come around at night, looking for leftovers in the chicken coop.

A raccoon peeking at the branch of a tree



  • Hawks and eagles.  Keep a keen eye from above and dive quickly to snatch a chicken. You'll usually spot them during the day when your chickens are out and about.

  • Skunks and Weasels. Even though skunks and weasels are small, they can still harm your chickens, usually targeting their necks. You'll mostly see them out in the late evening or at night, and they're stubborn - once they find your chickens, they'll keep trying to get them.

A two black and white striped skunks standing together munching for food on the ground



  • Coyotes and Bobcats. These bigger threats can occur day and night, taking away your chickens without trouble. Coyotes often hunt as a group, while bobcats prefer hunting alone.

It's important to be aware of these predators and how they behave so you can take steps to keep your chickens safe. 

Act promptly if you see any signs of these predators near your backyard! 

It's always better to be safe than sorry.

Best Practices for Protecting Backyard Chickens

1. Secure Your Coop

A strong coop is one of the most effective ways to keep your chickens safe. Let's examine the key points in ensuring coop safety.

  • Coop Structure. Check your coop and ensure there are no weak spots or holes predators can use to get in. 
  • Fencing. Do the same for your fence, too. It must be tough enough to stand up against all types of predators.
  • Ground Protection. Some animals, like foxes and raccoons, might try to dig under your fence to reach your chickens. You can stop this by burying chicken wire or mesh under the ground around your coop.
  • Solid Roof. Predators like hawks can swoop down from the sky. So, a solid roof is a great idea. It keeps out these flying threats and protects your coop from bad weather.

 a flock of chicken inside a sturdy chicken coop

2. Design Your Free-Range Area

How you design the chickens' roaming area contributes significantly to their safety. Consider the following points:

  • Area Size. A larger fenced area allows your chicken's room to roam, making it harder for predators to catch them easily. It also provides more foraging and hiding opportunities, reducing stress and keeping the chickens active.
    • Natural Cover. Adding bushes and shrubs to your free-range area gives chickens quick hiding spots if predators are nearby. This way, they have somewhere safe to dart behind when they feel threatened.
    • Clear Overgrown Vegetation. While some vegetation is beneficial, ensuring it's not overgrown helps improve visibility. This minimizes hiding spots for lurking predators so that you can quickly spot unwanted visitors.
    • Seal Access Holes. Regularly inspect your fencing and patch any holes to keep small predators, like weasels, from slipping through. This step ensures that only your chickens enjoy the free-range area's freedom.

    A large area for chicken run covered with sturdy, tangle-free bird netting

    Image from Amazon Customer Review | Harvesto Heavy Duty Bird Netting

    3. Daily Monitoring

    Routine care and observation can help maintain chicken safety. Here are some simple things you can do daily:

    Make Sure the Coop is Locked at Night

    Remember to put your chickens into their coop and lock the doors each evening. Remember, many predators are most active at night.

  • Gather Eggs Every Day
  • Leaving eggs in the coop might attract unwanted visitors. So, collect the eggs every day - less temptation means safer chickens!

    Fresh brown eggs in a wooden basket and in the nest

  • Watch Out for Signs of Trouble

    Look closely at your chicken area for things that need to be corrected, like holes in the fence or tracks. Catching these signs early can stop predators from getting to your chickens.

  • Light Up the Area with Motion Sensor Lights
  • Predators like to operate under cover of the dark. One way to scare them off is to install lights around your coop that switch on automatically when they sense movement.

    It's the daily chores that make the difference.

    Regularly doing these tasks can keep your free-range chickens safe from dangerous predators.

    4. Additional Protection Strategies From Predator Attacks

    Taking care of free-range chickens means finding smart ways to keep them safe. 

    Here are some easy ideas to help keep your chickens secure while they roam:

  • Use Bird Netting Over Your Yard

  • A net over your yard can help protect your chickens, like hawks or eagles, from dangers in the sky. It's an extra layer of security that keeps your chickens safer while they get to enjoy their time outside.

    A double-layered bird netting installed for chicken run from top to surrounding coop
    Image from Patti O. Amazon Customer Review | Harvesto Heavy Duty Bird Netting


     Watch Your Chickens While They Roam

    Watch your chickens as they roam around. You can act quickly and keep your chickens safe if any danger arises.

    Shiny Objects To Scare Off Predators

    You can use shiny and moving things like CDs, wind spinners, or sparkly tape to frighten away predators. These things can trick predators into thinking there's another, maybe bigger, predator around.

    Safe Spots in the Yard

    Ensure safe places in your yard where your chickens can run if they see something scary. This could be as simple as a big box or a little wooden shed.


    5. Provide Guardians for Your Flock

    Having a guard like a rooster or a dog can help. 

    Roosters can alert you if there's danger, and some might even try to fight off threats. 

    Certain dog breeds, like Great Pyrenees, Maremmas, or Anatolian Shepherds, are good at watching over chickens and can keep danger away.

    You have to be careful when choosing a guard. 

    Think about the type of rooster or dog and their behaviors. Introducing a young rooster or dog to the chickens is a good idea so they grow up together and get used to each other. 

    Also, training your dog to listen and follow the rules will be very helpful. With the right guard and good training, they can care for your chickens, giving you and the birds peace of mind.

    A friendly dog sneaking a baby chick from a man's hand

    How to Deal with Predators Legally

    Protecting chickens from predators like hawks and owls requires knowing the law. This is necessary so we don't harm protected animals and break the law while keeping our chickens safe. Knowing which animals are protected can help you deal with them correctly. 

    These are the things we need to understand and do legally to avoid trouble:

    1. Getting Help from USDA

    The USDA Wildlife Services helps with animal issues. Call this group if you're dealing with a predator and thinking about trapping or moving them. They can help you handle the situation the right way.

    2. Other Ways to Deal with Predators

    Instead of hurting predators, try other things. Using safe ways to scare them off, making your yard unattractive to predators, and using guard animals are all good ideas. These ways follow the law, too.

    4. Stay Informed

    Keep learning about local and federal wildlife laws. Attend workshops, ask local wildlife groups, and stay current on law changes. This way, you can be sure your actions are legal.

    5. Respect the Environment

    Understand the importance of protected animals in nature. Hawks and owls, for example, help control rats and mice. We should try to protect our chickens but also respect the natural balance.

    Final Word

    Taking care of your free-range chickens is all about keeping them safe.

    But it also has a lot to do with the wildlife around you. 

    You need to study and manage wild animals in a way that doesn't harm them and follows all the rules.

    It's a balancing act, like a tightrope walk. One side is looking after your chickens, and the other is caring for nature.

     As a chicken keeper, you've got to do both. Every step should help your chickens and keep things balanced with wildlife.

    So, here's a challenge: Take these steps to heart, apply them to your flock, and see the change. 

    You're doing this for the welfare of your chickens and harmony with nature. 

    It’s not just about having chickens but having a happy, safe, and natural place for them to live. 

    For extended tips and resources, check out the following resources on protecting your free-range chickens.

    Bird Netting Product:

    We hope this detailed guide helps you secure your free-range chickens against threats. Remember, a safe chicken is a happy chicken!

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